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APPROPRIATE explores different dimensions of property, its political dynamics, social effects and ventures into thinking about alternatives to property. It brings together researchers from different disciplines, activists and policy-makers to discuss their insights and perspectives on a broad spectrum of topics, including the sharing economy, urban commons, housing, natural resources, reproductive medicine, bioeconomy. APPROPRIATE is the podcast of the Collaborative Research Centre “Structural Change of Property” of the Universities of Jena and Erfurt: SFB TRR 294/1–424638267. CC BY-SA, Song Paper Tiger's Grip by Mid-Air Machine

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In Conversation with Clara Salazar (The Urban Lives of Property Series IV)

In this inaugural Spanish-language episode of the Urban Lives of Property Series, Clara Salazar delves into the history and concept of the ejidos—collective forms of land ownership introduced by the Mexican Revolution in 1917. Following this, the state began redistributing land to impoverished farmers under the condition that they organize themselves into collectives. Ejidal land, which was typically rural land, could not be sold. The significance of the ejidos persists to this day, although this form of collective ownerships has been the subject of numerous struggles and controversies. In 1992, the rights to ejidal lands were liberalized to permit their sale. Concurrently, the rights associated with private property were strengthened, providing powerful private owners with nearly unmatched opportunities to manage and profit from their lands, leveraging surplus value through public infrastructure provision while offering minimal compensation in return. Meanwhile, self-managed settlements by poor urbanites dwelling informally on the outskirts of metropolises have increasingly encroached upon ejidal land, leading to a parceling of the land and a profound transformation of Mexican cities. Against this backdrop, Clara Salazar makes a compelling case for enhancing public capacities to regulate urban land and to capture surplus value—a challenge that many Latin American countries face, alongside the ongoing evolution of property forms that separate land and housing ownership. An English translation of the transcript is available for download. This episode is a collaboration with the Urban Political Podcast.

29.05.2024 1:05:22 60.16 MB Download

In Conversation with Jean-David Gerber (The Urban Lives of Property Series III) - Property, Planning and Institutional Power: A view from Switzerland

This episode of the Urban Lives of Property Series expands discussions geographically and conceptually: Our guest in this episode, Jean-David Gerber, helps us think property from Switzerland and other places. He speaks with the hosts Hanna Hilbrandt and Markus Kip. Starting off with the observation that there is no single understanding of property, Jean-David argues that it is important for any consideration to be context-specific and to realize that property is not the same as propriété or Eigentum. Jean-David elaborates on his approach to property on the basis of the Institutional Resource Regime framework that he has been working on with colleagues for many years. Based on his fieldwork in Ghana, Senegal and Switzerland, he discusses the application of the framework aimed to consider the combined effects of public policies and property rights on the use of resources and the users themselves. Focusing on the case of Switzerland, he talks us through the legacy and ongoing relevance of old forms of collective property in forests and shared pastures in the mountains. Moving to the debate around new (urban) commons, the episode also covers current struggles and conflicts around the land policy paradigm in Switzerland, as well as new ideas in planning to exercise greater influence in urban development in the public interest.

01.03.2024 1:16:01 53.87 MB Download

Property rights versus tenants: Beata Siemieniako on the restitution of housing in Poland

Unregulated restitution of property to prewar owners (or rather their legal successors) remains a major source of conflict over housing in Poland, most notably in Warsaw. This episode features Beata Siemieniako, a Warsaw lawyer and urban activist who has been supporting tenants in their struggle against ruthless developers for years. In her book ·Re-privatising Poland. The History of a Great Scam· (Reprywatyzuj·c Polsk·. Historia wielkiego przekr·tu, Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Krytyki Politycznej 2017), she tells the story of conflicting claims to urban property and reflects on the pitfalls of restituting past property orders while neglecting present-day social rights. Florian Peters has talked to her about law, grassroots activism, and the impossibility to achieve justice by trying to turn back time. This podcast is a co-production with the Urban Political Podcast.

30.11.2023 26:31 22.61 MB Download

Episode 12: Residential Property, Couples, and New Logics of Inequality in the Asset Economy – A Conversation with Lisa Adkins

In this episode, Robin K. Saalfeld engages in an insightful conversation with Lisa Adkins, a noted Professor of Sociology at the University of Sydney. Their discussion traces the narrative of Adkins's book, "The Asset Economy. Property Ownership and the New Logic of Inequality," (2020) co-authored by Martijn Konings and Melinda Cooper. Their thought-provoking work charts the emergence of an asset economy marked by property inflation, a term used to describe the escalated rise in the value of housing assets. The unfolding of this phenomenon paves the way for a new perspective on inequality, primarily focusing on market-driven economies like Australia, the US, and Great Britain. The shift from traditional commodification to a more asset-centered approach, especially in the housing sector, forms a significant part of their narrative. The dialogue further expands as Robin K. Saalfeld introduces empirical data from the research project B06 exploring property inequality among German couples. Through extensive interviews with 50 German couples, the research highlights the crucial role residential property plays for couples. Robin K. Saalfeld and Lisa Adkins delve into the potential characteristics of an asset economy within the German population, raising pertinent questions about the interplay between gender and property ownership. This episode provides a nuanced exploration of the complex tapestry of property, economics, and couple and gender dynamics, contributing to an understanding of the evolving nature of inequality in market-centric societies.

18.07.2023 43:13 60.88 MB Download

Episode 11: Property and Territory in Russian History and Geography - A Conversation with Vera Smirnova

In this episode, Hanna Hilbrandt and Markus Kip talk to Vera Smirnova, a human and political geographer to discuss property and territory from a Russian perspective. Smirnova’s genealogical account moves from the Czarist period to this day, illuminating also the current Russian invasion of the Ukraine. Smirnova offers a tour de force through Russia’s moving history of the last 150 years, addressing practices of serfdom, enclosures in the early 20th century, land collectivization following the Russian revolution and waves of privatization after 1991. Throughout this period the institution of property is shown to be fuzzy, insecure, and informal, a legacy that continues to this day as evidenced in current urban planning legislation and extra-legal practices of land grabbing. Similarly reflecting a pliability for powerful political interests, territory has been historically considered as vast, borderless and expansive. The episode is a collaboration with the Urban Political Podcast and is part of the “Urban Lives of Property” Series.

20.06.2023 1:18:21 143.50 MB Download

Episode 10: Wohnen und Energie als öffentliche Infrastrukturen – Kommunalisieren, Vergesellschaften, Enteignen?

Wohnen und Energie sind Teil der öffentlichen Daseinsvorsorge. Im Zuge von Krisen wird deren Organisation und Eigentumsform diskutiert. Vorschläge sind die Überführung von privatisiertem Eigentum in öffentliches Eigentum. Im Bereich Wohnen geht die Kampagne „Deutsche Wohnen und Co. Enteignen“ noch weiter und fordert eine Vergesellschaftung von Wohnraum. Auch im Bereich Energie gibt es solche Forderungen und auch schon eine konkrete Umsetzung beim Verein BürgerEnergie Thüringen. Doch inwiefern unterscheidet sich die geforderte Vergesellschaftung von der Kommunalisierung? Welche Herausforderungen gilt es zu beachten? Und ist kommunales Eigentum immer sozial gerechter als Privateigentum? In dieser Podcastfolge kommen Perspektiven aus der Wissenschaft, Zivilgesellschaft und der Politik zu Wort. Sprecher*innen: - Silke van Dyk (Co-Sprecherin des Sonderforschungsbereiches „Strukturwandel des Eigentums“) - Raul Zelik (Schriftsteller und Sozialwissenschaftler) - Sebastian Kohl (Soziologe an der FU Berlin) - Cara Röhner (Juristin an der Hochschule RheinMain) - Joanna Kusiak (Sprecherin von DW und Co. Enteignen und Soziologin an der Cambridge University) - Reinhard Guthke (Vorstandsvorsitzender von BürgerEnergie Thüringen e. V. und Biologe am Leibniz-Institut für Naturstoff-Forschung und Infektionsbiologie und Jenaer Zentrum für Bioinformatik) - Florian Schmidt (Bezirksstadtrat B‘90/ Die Grünen) Kampagne Deutsche Wohnen und Co. Enteignen: https://dwenteignen.de Verein BürgerEnergie Thüringen: http://www.buergerenergie-thueringen.de Interviews: Markus Kip, Marco Sonnberger, Eduardo Relly; Moderation und Schnitt: Charlotte Domberg

13.02.2023 49:04 46.16 MB Download

Episode 9: Global Commons Series 3/3 – Dr. Megan Blomfield about Carbon Sinks as Global Commons

In the third episode of our mini-series about Global Commons, we hear from Dr. Megan Blomfield, a senior lecturer in political philosophy at the University of Sheffield. Her research concerns global justice and the environment, focusing on the problem of climate change, which you can read more about in her 2019 book, Global Justice, Natural Resources, and Climate Change. In today’s episode we explore carbon sinks as global commons. Because the issue of climate change concerns how we use and share carbon sinks like the atmosphere, the concept of the global commons has been used to invoke more equitable sharing of carbon sinks. However, Blomfield will show us that this conception isn’t so straightforward when we consider carbon sinks more widely, like land and ocean based sinks.

02.02.2023 28:36 26.25 MB Download

Episode 8: Global Commons Series 2/3 – Isabel Feichtner about Reconstituting the Seabed as a Global Commons: What Would it Take?

In the second episode of our mini-series about Global Commons, we hear from Dr. Isabel Feichtner, a current Fellow at The New Institute where she works on Global and Urban Commons and in particular Commons Public Partnerships. In this episode, we will be focusing on a specific global commons- the deep seabed. Feichtner expertly shows us how the deep seabed regime, often hailed as a successful example of international cooperation and management of a global commons, has actually developed with an economic extraction focus to the detriment of distributive justice and environmental protection.

19.01.2023 28:27 26.09 MB Download

Episode 7: Global Commons Series 1/3 –Daniel Lambach about the Territorialization of the Global Commons

This is the first episode in the podcast mini series Global Commons and Their Discontents, a series which aims to present the contributions and discussions from our September 2022 workshop of the same name. In this episode we hear from Dr. Daniel Lambach, a political scientist currently working as a Heisenberg Fellow at the Research Centre Normative Orders at Goethe Universität Frankfurt. Lambach provides a helpful overview of three different global commons domains, the oceans, airspace, and outerspace, as well as the three types of spatial models used in the territorialization process of these domains. He also identifies several territorialization trends and considers what this means for the future of global commons management and use. You can find his recent related publication "The Functional Territorialization of the High Seas" at the following link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0308597X21001901. You can find another recent related publication, Technology and the Construction of Oceanic Space: Bathymetry and the Arctic continental shelf dispute, at this link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0962629822001445.

03.01.2023 28:09 25.79 MB Download

Episode 6: Sharing Economies - Teilen als Alternative zu was?

Teilen als Alternative klingt erstmal vielversprechend. Unternehmen der sogenannten Sharing Economy wie „AirBnB“ und „Couchsurfing“ im Bereich „Homesharing“ sowie „TeilAuto“ oder „Miles“ im Bereich Carsharing knüpfen an diese Versprechung an – und scheinen auf den ersten Blick Lösungsansätze für gesellschaftliche Problemlagen wie den motorisierten Individualverkehr oder zunehmende Vereinzelung anzubieten: Wer sich ein Auto teilt, braucht kein eigenes mehr zu besitzen und verzichtet damit auch auf Privateigentum. Wer in der zunehmend individualisierten Gesellschaft vereinzelt, kann über die Plattform AirBnB authentisch mit anderen zusammenwohnen – wie in einer Wohngemeinschaft oder Kleinfamilie. Dass damit aber auch neue Ausschlüsse und Problemlagen produziert werden können und dass in einer kapitalistischen Gesellschaft zunächst Privateigentum vorhanden sein muss, um dieses anschließend teilen zu können, gerät dabei in den Hintergrund. Christoph Henning und Henrike Katzer arbeiten im Teilprojekt „Dinge verfügbar machen. Eigentum als spezifische Form der Weltbeziehung“ des Sonderforschungsbereiches und forschen zu genau diesen Ambivalenzen der Sharing Economy an den Beispielen Car- und Home-Sharing. Im Gespräch mit Charlotte Domberg berichten sie über ihre Forschungsergebnisse. Henrike Katzer studierte Psychologie und Soziologie an der Universität Koblenz-Landau (2014-2017) sowie Soziologie an der Friedrich-Schiller-Universität in Jena (2017-2021) und an der Haifa University in Israel (2019). Zuletzt schloss sie ihre Abschlussarbeit ab, in welcher sie daran arbeitete, die israelisch wissenschaftliche Aufarbeitung der Situation der Frauen in den Anfängen der Kibbuzbewegung für die Care-Arbeitsdebatte anschlussfähig zu machen. Derzeit forscht sie innerhalb des Teilprojekts des SFB-Transregio „Dinge verfügbar machen. Eigentum als spezifische Form der Weltbeziehung“ zum Verhältnis von Weltbeziehung und Eigentumsformen. Christoph Henning ist Philosoph und Soziologe und forscht zu Fragen der praktischen Philosophie und Sozialtheorie. Zu seinen Schwerpunkten gehören die politische Philosophie und Ethik des Perfektionismus, die Ideengeschichte des Marxismus und der Kritischen Theorie, moderne Kulturtheorien und Philosophien der Natur. Nach seiner Promotion an der TU Dresden war er an der Zeppelin Universität tätig (als postdoc und als Vertretungsprofessor). Er habilitierte in Philosophie in der Schweiz (an der Universität St. Gallen) und ist seit einiger Zeit Fellow für Philosophie am Max-Weber-Kolleg der Universität Erfurt. Seit Anfang 2021 arbeitet er mit am SFB Transregio 294 an der Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena im Projekt C06: "Dinge verfügbar machen".

07.10.2022 1:03:11 65.77 MB Download

Episode 5: Blood Oil Commodities

The interview addresses the problem of clean trade with natural resources. It discusses available concepts of conflict commodities and points to available policies trying to regulate trade with minerals from conflict zones. It presents how political theorists concerned with global justice discuss natural resources and conflicts and what conceptions of clean trade there are and what ideas about global justice underlie them. The question of property to valuable goods like minerals, oil, gas etc. is raised. Also, the question about what kinds of responsibilites there are in matters of trade with conflict commodities. PD Dr. Petra Gümplová (Twitter @petraguemplova) holds a PhD in Sociology from The New School for Social Research in New York. In 2021 she obtained her Habilitation in Political Science at the University of Erfurt, Germany. She currently leads the research project JRT01 “The transformation of global commons and the future of planetary ecosystems” within the scope of the Collaborative Research project “SFB Structural Change of Property” at the Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena. Her scholarly expertise lies in the fields of international political theory, global justice, international law, and natural resource governance. Dr. Eduardo Relly, environmental historian, is currently Post-Doc Researcher (Wiss. Mitarbeiter) at FSU Jena in the JRT03 „Eigentum an genetischen Ressourcen: Zur Aneignung traditionellen Wissens in der Bioökonomie“. Eduardo Relly completed his PhD Studies in History at the Freie Universität Berlin and has been active mostly in Brazilian and German academia. His expertise lies on forest and agrarian history, European historical migration to overseas, climate history, commons and privatization of land, ethnohistory of South America, bioprospection and governance of plant genetic resources. Source of the Cover: https://www.flickr.com/photos/johndal/219910218/in/photostream/ The original picture was slightly modified, as it was turned into a greyscale picture and cropped into a square.

09.08.2022 57:58 59.65 MB Download

Episode 4: Massimo de Angelis - Property, Commons and the Common

In the last episode of our mini-series about the future of social rights, Massimo del Angelis speaks about the meaning of ownership for the commons. He connects the notion of property, commons and the common with special regard to needs for social change. Massimo De Angelis was professor for political economy at the University of East London until 2020. He is editor of the webjournal “The Commoner”.

21.06.2022 58:33 80.42 MB Download

Episode 3: Julie Froud - Rethinking the Foundational Economy and Collective Infrastructures

In the second episode of our mini-series about the future of social rights, Julie Froud talks about the Foundational Economy and its rethinking, adapting and renewing with special regard to collective infrastructures. Julie Froud is a professor at the University of Manchester, UK and a member of the Foundational Economy Collective. Building on previous research on financialisation and corporations, her current focus is on developing the research agenda on the foundational economy. She has been particularly involved in research in Wales where the foundational economy has been recognised by Government, third sector and civil society organisations.

14.06.2022 1:26:13 78.94 MB Download

Episode 2: The Future of Social Rights - Social Rights as Property? Thinking with and beyond Robert Castel

The first episode of our mini-series about the future of social rights will give an introduction about the question of social rights as property which is inspired by the notion of social property developed by the sociologist Robert Castel. The speakers are Silke van Dyk, Steffen Liebig and Markus Kip from the Collaborative Research Center. For more information about the speakers, visit their pages on the website of the SFB. Silke van Dyk: https://sfb294-eigentum.de/de/beteiligte/silke-van-dyk/ Steffen Liebig: https://sfb294-eigentum.de/de/beteiligte/steffen-liebig/ Markus Kip: https://sfb294-eigentum.de/de/beteiligte/markus-kip/

14.06.2022 26:54 36.97 MB Download

Episode 0: Trailer

Der Trailer gibt einen kleinen Einblick in das Vorhaben des Podcasts und seine Themen.

27.04.2022 2:54 5.62 MB Download

Episode 1: Konflikte um Nachhaltige Mobilität - Perspektiven aus Klimabewegung, Gewerkschaft und Betrieb

Unsere erste Podcastfolge ist endlich da! Wir starten unsere Podcastreihe mit einem akutellen Thema, das wissenschaftliche Überlegungen zum Thema nachhaltige Mobilität mit Erfahrungen aus der Praxis von Klimabewegung, Gewerkschaft und Betrieb zusammenbringt. Kim Lucht und Steffen Liebig vom Sonderforschungsbereich befragen die vier Gäste Christopher Szymula (Verkehrsingenieur, Straßenbahnfahrer aus Leipzig), Lea Knoff (Students for Future, Die Linke/ SDS aus Leipzig), Laura Meschede (Offenes Antikapitalistisches Klimatreffen München) und Ferhat Kirmizi (stellvertretender Betriebsratsvorsitzender Bosch München-Berg am Laim) zu Erfahrungen und Herausforderungen der Allianz zwischen Klimabewegung(en) und Gewerkschaften.

26.04.2022 1:11:10 32.79 MB Download